From 13fbce17fc9f02e2401fc3868f3f8e02d6647e5f Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Matt Caswell
Date: Tue, 5 Mar 2019 13:26:45 +0000
Subject: [PATCH 1/1] Avoid an underflow in ecp_nistp521.c
The function felem_diff_128_64 in ecp_nistp521.c substracts the number |in|
from |out| mod p. In order to avoid underflow it first adds 32p mod p
(which is equivalent to 0 mod p) to |out|. The comments and variable naming
suggest that the original author intended to add 64p mod p. In fact it
has been shown that with certain unusual co-ordinates it is possible to
cause an underflow in this function when only adding 32p mod p while
performing a point double operation. By changing this to 64p mod p the
underflow is avoided.
It turns out to be quite difficult to construct points that satisfy the
underflow criteria although this has been done and the underflow
demonstrated. However none of these points are actually on the curve.
Finding points that satisfy the underflow criteria and are also *on* the
curve is considered significantly more difficult. For this reason we do
not believe that this issue is currently practically exploitable and
therefore no CVE has been assigned.
This only impacts builds using the enable-ec_nistp_64_gcc_128 Configure
option.
With thanks to Bo-Yin Yang, Billy Brumley and Dr Liu for their significant
help in investigating this issue.
Reviewed-by: Nicola Tuveri
(Merged from https://github.com/openssl/openssl/pull/8405)
---
crypto/ec/ecp_nistp521.c | 11 ++++++++---
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
diff --git a/crypto/ec/ecp_nistp521.c b/crypto/ec/ecp_nistp521.c
index a32f3023e0..fe6f3b3bbd 100644
--- a/crypto/ec/ecp_nistp521.c
+++ b/crypto/ec/ecp_nistp521.c
@@ -357,10 +357,15 @@ static void felem_diff64(felem out, const felem in)
static void felem_diff_128_64(largefelem out, const felem in)
{
/*
- * In order to prevent underflow, we add 0 mod p before subtracting.
+ * In order to prevent underflow, we add 64p mod p (which is equivalent
+ * to 0 mod p) before subtracting. p is 2^521 - 1, i.e. in binary a 521
+ * digit number with all bits set to 1. See "The representation of field
+ * elements" comment above for a description of how limbs are used to
+ * represent a number. 64p is represented with 8 limbs containing a number
+ * with 58 bits set and one limb with a number with 57 bits set.
*/
- static const limb two63m6 = (((limb) 1) << 62) - (((limb) 1) << 5);
- static const limb two63m5 = (((limb) 1) << 62) - (((limb) 1) << 4);
+ static const limb two63m6 = (((limb) 1) << 63) - (((limb) 1) << 6);
+ static const limb two63m5 = (((limb) 1) << 63) - (((limb) 1) << 5);
out[0] += two63m6 - in[0];
out[1] += two63m5 - in[1];
--
2.25.1